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扩大消费品进口有助实现贸易平衡

面对中国经济高速发展和国内消费升级的现状,作为世界第二大经济体并拥有超过4亿中产阶级消费群体的中国,国内市场对消费类商品的进口有着强劲需求,通过选择扩大一般消费品的进口不仅能满足消费升级需求,提升百姓的获得感和幸福感,更能一举数得:

一是有助于进口管理举措的深度完善。近年来,中国消费者“舍近求远”的境外消费行为就是对进口管理政策的“用脚投票”,背后是中国有效消费力的“外溢”。因此,重出口抑进口的政策导向亟待调整,尤其是加大对最终消费品进口的关税措施和其他非关税措施的调整力度,以真正落实“积极扩大进口”的工作要求。

二是可助益“人民对美好生活的需求”的不断满足。合理增加与百姓日常生活密切相关的一般消费品进口对于国家、社会和个人都是“利好”,能够在实现外贸平衡协调发展中增强百姓的获得感和幸福感,收获经济效益的同时获得更多的政治认同,何乐而不为?

三是促进国内经济实现高质量发展。长期以来,激增的出口带来的环境、资源破坏和浪费、国内产业创新乏力等问题都到了必须解决的地步。通过扩大进口,包括更多的水产品、水果、农产品、牛羊肉禽类产品,甚至包括各类奢侈品,对于中国节约耕地、提升环境保护水平、能源高效利用、国内产业格局升级调整、加速社会和谐发展等都不无裨益。

扩大一般消费品进口规模既是中国进一步开放国内市场的主动举措,也是中国主动削减贸易赤字的积极表现,更是中国坚定支持贸易自由化立场的现实证明,更为有效地反击各类形形色色的贸易保护主义对中国的各种指责或批评,为世界经济贸易复苏贡献力量。

Faced with the rapid development of China’s economy and the current status of domestic consumption upgrades, as the world’s second-largest economy and China with more than 400 million middle-class consumer groups, the domestic market has a strong demand for the import of consumer goods, through the expansion of general consumer goods. Import can not only meet the needs of consumption upgrades, enhance people’s sense of well-being and happiness, but also achieve the following benefits:

The first is to help improve the depth of import management initiatives. In recent years, the overseas consumer behavior of Chinese consumers is to “vote with the feet” of the import management policy, behind which is the “spillover” of China's effective consumption power. Therefore, the policy orientation of export repression and import suppression needs to be adjusted urgently. In particular, the adjustment of tariff measures and other non-tariff measures on the import of final consumer goods should be strengthened so as to truly implement the work requirements of “actively expanding imports”.

The second is the continuous satisfaction of "people's needs for a better life." A reasonable increase in imports of general consumer goods that are closely related to people’s daily lives is “good” for the country, society, and individuals. It can enhance the people’s sense of acquisition and happiness in achieving balanced and coordinated development of foreign trade, and gain more economic benefits while gaining economic benefits. Political identification, why not?

The third is to promote the domestic economy to achieve high quality development. For a long time, problems such as the environment, the destruction and waste of resources brought about by the surge of exports, and the lack of domestic industrial innovation have all reached the point where they must be resolved. By expanding imports, including more aquatic products, fruits, agricultural products, beef, mutton and poultry products, and even all kinds of luxury goods, China saves arable land, improves environmental protection, uses energy more efficiently, upgrades domestic industrial structure, and accelerates social harmony. Development is not without benefits.

Expanding the scale of imports of general consumer goods is not only an initiative taken by China to further open up the domestic market, but also an active expression of China’s initiative in reducing trade deficits. It is also a proof of China’s firm support for trade liberalization and more effective counterattacks against various forms of trade protectionism. Various accusations and criticisms against China have contributed to the recovery of the world economy and trade.